ITB or Iliotibial Band Syndrome is a common injury among runners and athletes that causes pain and discomfort in the knee. The ITB is a thick band of fasciae that runs from the hip bone to the knee and helps stabilise and support the leg during physical activity. When the ITB becomes tight or irritated, it can rub against the bone and cause inflammation and pain in the outer part of the knee.
There are several factors that can contribute to the development of ITB
syndrome, including overuse, improper training techniques, and biomechanical abnormalities. Runners with high or flat arches, tight hips or hamstrings, and weak gluteal muscles are more prone to developing knee pain due to ITB syndrome.
To manage ITB and knee pain, it is essential to identify the underlying cause of the injury. Rest, ice, and stretching exercises can help alleviate pain and inflammation. Physical therapy may also be recommended to strengthen the muscles around the knee and glut area and improve flexibility.
Prevention is key in avoiding future ITB syndrome flare-ups. Runners can minimise their risk by gradually increasing their mileage, maintaining proper form, and using proper footwear. Stretching and foam rolling exercises that target the ITB and surrounding muscles can also help prevent tightness and inflammation.
In conclusion, ITB syndrome is a common injury that can cause knee pain in athletes and runners. Understanding the causes of ITB syndrome and taking preventative steps to manage the injury can help athletes continue to train and compete without discomfort or pain.
nIf you think you have ITB, please contact your physio, 07 4084 0602 for an assessment.